The notion that socialism is a sinister ideology is a widely held belief among capitalist cultures. Propaganda that smears socialism as a sinister plot has effectively conditioned many capitalist sympathizers to dismiss such with hardly a review of the principles that are naturally associated with the ideology itself. An ill informed and sufficiently influenced public then are oftentimes ignorant of the principles of the very social system which they are systemically conditioned to regard with suspicion or even with outright contempt. A review of the principles of socialism seems both pertinent and practical.
Socialism is based upon the natural principle of caring and sharing. That a sense of caring and sharing is innate to humanity is evident by the routine execution of such in the most basic of all social settings. The family is the most basic society within even the most remote community, and it is in this context that humanity is the most consistent in the execution of caring and sharing. So much so in fact that in those rare instances that a family unit is managed and operates in any way other than upon egalitarian concepts, the general assessment of such a family is regarded as dysfunctional and out of the norm. The incentive for sharing within the context of the family unit is a naturally evident care and concern for the welfare of each and every person within the family itself. In this regard, one can look to the family as an example of a society which functions to the ultimate end of providing for the general welfare based upon a natural and sincere care for the well being of each and every individual. Now if this concept can be grasped within the context of a family unit, then the principles can be understood with regards to the social ethical theory of socialism in general.
For once the exercise of social sharing is understood in the context of caring for the well being of others in any given context, then the concept of a culture based upon a collective effort for the common good is both conceivable and practical. Socialism is a collective effort to supply for the welfare of everyone. This endeavor is based upon a concern for the well being of everyone within any social context, and thus seeks the common good as its ultimate objective. The collective effort for the common good then is a fundamental principle of socialism.
Now it is evident that abilities vary within any collective. Therefore another basic principle of socialism is expressed by the Marxian maxim “from each according to ability and to each according to need”. This common sense theory is the bedrock to stabilizing a society which is characterized by inequality, and is the basis for expecting full participation in the process of providing for the general welfare. The general notion is that those who can, should supply for those in need, and thus the collective efforts of the capable within any society should benefit everyone rather than an elite few. A basic principle of socialism then is that privilege, be it natural or circumstantial, amounts to a responsibility to provide for those who are either incapable or in need.
The ultimate objective of socialism then is to ensure that no single person is in need so long as it is reasonably possible to supply their need. The incentive which motivates socialism is the sincere care and concern for the well being of others. Socialism is a collective effort that seeks the well being of each and person. Socialism is the expectation that those who can will provide for the general welfare of those who in legitimate need. As to whether such principles as sharing and caring for the well being of others based upon a sincere concern for their well being, and whether collective efforts for the common good are sinister endeavors based upon an evil ideology; each person must deliberate and decide for themselves.
Be that as it may, the aforementioned are the basic principles of socialism.